Urinary Tract Infection

  • What is a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)?

    Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common health problems for which patients seek medical care. It is a bacterial infection anywhere in the urinary tract. The urinary tract makes and stores urine and removes it from the body. Parts of the urinary tract includes :

    • Kidneys
    • Ureters
    • Bladder
    • Urethra

    Which people are the risk factors for Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)?

    • People with kidney stones.
    • People with medical conditions that cause incomplete bladder emptying (for example, spinal cord injury)
    • Immunocompromised people : AIDS and diabetes
    • Women who are sexually active infection.
    • Women who use a diaphragm for birth control.
    • Men with an enlarged prostate.
    • Catheterized patients.

    How can one tell that he or she have a UTI?

    Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common health problems for which patients seek medical care. It is a bacterial infection anywhere in the urinary tract. The urinary tract makes and stores urine and removes it from the body. Parts of the urinary tract includes :

    • You urinate a lot but only a little bit each time.
    • It burns when you urinate.
    • You have to urinate suddenly.
    • There is blood in your urine.
    • Your urine is not clear.
    • Your urine smells bad.

    Do women get urinary tract infections more often than men?

    Yes, Women tend to get urinary tract infections more often than men because bacteria can reach the bladder more easily in women. The urethra is shorter in women than in men, so bacteria have a shorter distance to travel.

    How is UTI diagnosed?

    A doctor can confirm if you have a urinary tract infection by testing a sample of your urine. Urine Tests we can do : Urinalysis, Urine Culture Ultrasound X-rays like

    • Voiding cystourethrogram
    • IVP

    How are urinary tract infections treated?

    Doctor thinks you have a urinary tract infection, he or she will probably test a sample of your urine to find out if there are bacteria in it. If you have an infection, doctor will then prescribe an antibiotic. Usually, symptoms of the infection go away 1 to 2 days after you start taking the medicine.

    When should one see the doctor?

    You should see your doctor if you have any of these signs or symptoms:

    • burning feeling when you urinate
    • frequent or intense urges to urinate, even when you have little urine to pass
    • pain in your back or lower abdomen
    • cloudy, dark, bloody or unusual-smelling urine
    • fever or chills

    How can one prevent a UTI?

    • Drink lots of water every day.
    • Don’t resist the urge to urinate, do so when you feel the need.
    • Urinate before and after you have sex.
    • Wipe from the front to the back after going to the bathroom.
    • For women, using a diaphragm or sepermicide for birth control can lead to UTIs by increasing bacteria growth.
    • Do not douche.
    • Take showers instead of tub baths.