Fistula is a medical condition characterized by an abnormal connection or passageway between two organs or tissues that are not normally connected. It can occur in various parts of the body, such as the digestive tract, urinary system, or reproductive system. Fistulas are typically the result of injury, infection, inflammation, or surgery that causes a breakdown of tissue barriers between organs. They can also be congenital, meaning they are present from birth. This condition can occur in various parts of the body, and it can have different causes depending on its location.

Different types of fistulas are Anal Fistula, Intestinal Fistula, Vesicovaginal Fistula (VVF), Rectovaginal Fistula (RVF), Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF), Bronchopleural Fistula, and Enterovesical Fistula.

The symptoms and severity of a fistula depend on its location and the underlying cause. Common signs include persistent drainage, infection, pain, and abnormal fluid leakage. Diagnosis often involves imaging studies such as CT scans, MRIs, or endoscopic examinations.

Treatment options for fistulas may vary depending on the type and severity but can include medical management with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs and surgical intervention to close the abnormal connection. In some cases, managing the underlying condition may lead to the closure of the fistula. If you suspect you have a fistula or are experiencing any symptoms it is essential to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment.

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Fistula Treatments & Surgery

How Devasya Hospital Helps to Cure Fistula with Fistulectomy by Laser?

Devasya Hospital is renowned for providing the best treatment for fistula, offering advanced techniques such as fistulectomy by laser. Fistulectomy by laser is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that utilizes laser technology to treat fistulas effectively. Let's explore how Devasya Hospital can assist in curing fistula through this innovative approach.

Fistulectomy by laser at Devasya Hospital involves the use of a specialized laser instrument to precisely target and remove the fistula tract. The procedure begins with the administration of anesthesia to ensure patient comfort during the surgery. The surgeon then uses the laser to vaporize the tissues along the fistula tract, gradually eliminating the abnormal connection.


Fistulas can be caused by various factors. Some common causes include inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, infections such as abscesses or sexually transmitted infections, trauma or injury to the affected area, surgical complications, radiation therapy, and chronic conditions affecting the organs like diverticulitis or cancer. Identifying the underlying cause of the fistula is important for determining the most appropriate treatment approach.

To diagnose a fistula, healthcare providers may conduct several tests. These can include a physical examination to look for signs of a fistula, such as an abnormal opening or discharge. Imaging tests like MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), CT (computed tomography), or ultrasound may be used to visualize the fistula tract and its location within the body. In some cases, a fistulogram, which involves injecting a contrast dye into the fistula tract, may be performed to help visualize its path and identify any associated complications. The specific tests conducted will depend on the suspected location of the fistula and the healthcare provider's clinical judgment.

The symptoms of a fistula can vary depending on its location. Common signs and symptoms may include persistent pain or discomfort in the affected area, swelling, redness, or tenderness around the site, drainage of pus, blood, or other fluids through an abnormal opening, recurrent infections or abscesses in the area, and passage of stool, urine, or gas through an abnormal opening. If any of these symptoms are experienced, it is important to seek medical attention for a proper evaluation and diagnosis.

In the early stages, the signs and symptoms of a fistula may be subtle. Some early signs to watch for include mild discomfort or pain in the affected area, small amounts of intermittent discharge from an opening, and mild swelling or tenderness near the site. Early detection and diagnosis can help prevent complications and ensure timely treatment.

If left untreated or poorly managed, fistulas can lead to various complications. These may include recurrent infections and abscesses, chronic pain and discomfort, nutritional deficiencies and weight loss, skin irritation or breakdown around the fistula opening, impaired organ function depending on the location of the fistula, and emotional and psychological distress due to the impact on daily life and personal hygiene. Early intervention and appropriate treatment are crucial in reducing the risk of complications.

While it may not be possible to prevent all cases of fistulas, there are some preventive measures that can help reduce the risk. These include proper management of underlying conditions like inflammatory bowel disease or infections through medication and regular medical care, timely and appropriate treatment of abscesses or infections to minimize tissue damage and prevent fistula formation, following safe surgical practices to minimize the risk of postoperative complications, maintaining good hygiene practices, and avoiding behaviors that can lead to trauma or injury to the affected area.

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