Anal Cancer

Anal cancer is quite uncommon, but it still needs to be carefully considered and treated right away. Carcinoma of the anal canal, or as it is commonly known Anal Cancer, begins in the lining of the anal canal or the tissues of the anus. The anus and rectum are connected by the anal canal. Anal cancer is less prevalent than certain other types of cancer, but it's still important to understand the causes, signs, and treatments.

The signs of anal cancer may resemble everyday problems, such as a persistent itchy sensation in your anus. Other symptoms are leaking stool, a mass or a lump, rectal bleeding, and a constant feeling of poop. You should visit a doctor if you experience symptoms similar to these that intensify or do not disappear within a few days. The causes of these symptoms are several. Even if you have one or more, you could not have anal cancer.

Doctors use many tests to identify or treat anal cancer. Doctors may consider factors like signs and symptoms, general health, age, and other medical tests while choosing a diagnosis for Anal Cancer. Anal Cancer treatment depends on the severity of the disease.

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Anal Cancer Treatments & Surgery

How does Devasya Hospital Help to cure Anal cancer?

Devasya Hospital is at the forefront of Anal Cancer treatment that prioritizes patient well-being. We have the expertise to cure Anal Cancer using the latest techniques like Total Mesorectal Excision (TME) and Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery (TEM). These innovative techniques enable the precise removal of cancer while protecting surrounding tissues. These advanced methods allow to precisely remove the cancerous cell without causing any harm to the surrounding tissues. Each patient receives a thorough diagnosis and a treatment plan that is unique to them, thanks to our committed team of specialists.

With a comprehensive approach, Devasya Hospital provides the best treatment for anal cancer surgery. Our commitment to evidence-based techniques like TME and TEM guarantees patients the best results. We believe in delivering patient-centered care, thus we recognize the value of precise diagnosis and customized treatments. Trust in our experience and innovative tools as you set on your path to effective Anal Cancer treatment.


The exact cause of Anal Cancer is unclear. Anal cancer is often linked to persistent infection with high-risk strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV). Other factors that can increase the risk of developing Anal Cancer include anal sex, a weakened immune system, smoking, multiple sex partners; age above 55 years, HPV-related cancers, or HIV infection. While these factors may raise the risk, not everyone with these conditions will get anal cancer, and some people without these risks may develop the disease.

Doctors use several tests and methods to evaluate the disease and diagnose anal cancer. Apart from physical examination, doctors may use tests as below:

  • Digital Rectal Examination
  • Biopsy
  • Anoscopy
  • X-ray
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI Scan
  • CT Scan
  • PET Scan

Symptoms and signs of Anal Cancer are as below:

  • Rectal bleeding
  • Discomfort or pain in the anal area
  • Itching in and around the anus.
  • A mass or a lump at the anal opening
  • Loss of bowel control
  • Change in bowel movements
  • Constantly feeling a need to poop

Managing side effects of anal cancer treatment involves a personalized approach. Discuss your feelings frequently with the doctors on your team. It is vital to notify them of any new negative effects or changes to existing side effects. If they know about these side effects, they can identify techniques to ease or manage them, making you more comfortable and potentially preventing any negative effects from getting worse. You might find it useful to keep track of your side effects so that you can share any changes with your healthcare team.

Infection, bleeding, discomfort, and damage to adjacent structures are all possible complications of anal cancer. Anal cancer may spread to surrounding tissues if not treated. It can sporadically spread to the liver or lungs.

Although there is no guaranteed way to stop anal cancer, one can lower your risk by doing things as below:

  • Do not Smoke
  • Have safe sex
  • Good Anal Hygiene
  • HPV Vaccination

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