Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the prostate gland, a small walnut-shaped organ located below the bladder in men. The prostate gland plays a crucial role in the male reproductive system, producing seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Prostate cancer occurs when the cells in the prostate gland undergo abnormal growth and multiplication, forming a tumor. The exact cause of prostate cancer is not fully understood, certain risk factors have been identified, including: Age, Family history, Ethnicity, Diet and Lifestyle factors.

In the early stages, prostate cancer may not cause noticeable symptoms. However, as the disease progresses, it can lead to the following signs and symptoms like urinary problems, difficulty starting or stopping the urine stream, weak flow, or a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder, blood in urine or semen, erectile dysfunction, discomfort in the pelvic area, and Bone pain.

Treatment decisions are complex and should be made in consultation with a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals. Early detection and appropriate treatment offer the best chances of successful outcomes for prostate cancer patients. Regular screening and discussing risk factors with a healthcare provider are essential, especially for men over the age of 50 or those with a family history of prostate cancer.

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Prostate Cancer Treatments & Surgery

How Devasya Hospital can help to treat Prostate Cancer?

Devasya Hospital is renowned for its expertise in treating prostate cancer and offers a range of advanced treatments to help patients with this condition. One of the key treatment options provided by Devasya Hospital is radical prostatectomy. This surgical procedure involves the complete removal of the prostate gland and, if necessary, nearby lymph nodes. Radical prostatectomy aims to eliminate the cancerous cells and is commonly used for localized prostate cancer.

Devasya Hospital has the latest and advanced laparoscopic instruments from the USA, Germany, and Italy. Harmonic scalpel (Johnson & Johnson Co.) and Ligasure (coridien) used in laparoscopic surgery provide great results for treatment of prostate cancer. We also specialize in hormone therapy and radiation therapy for treating prostate cancer.


The exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown, but several factors can increase the risk of developing the disease. Age is a significant risk factor, as prostate cancer is more commonly diagnosed in older men. Family history and genetics also play a role, with men having a higher risk if they have a close relative (such as a father or brother) who has had prostate cancer. Ethnicity is another factor, as prostate cancer is more prevalent in African-American men. Hormonal imbalances and certain lifestyle factors, such as a high-fat diet, obesity, and lack of physical activity, may also contribute to the development of prostate cancer.

To diagnose prostate cancer, tests such as a Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) and Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test are conducted. The DRE involves a physical examination of the prostate gland through the rectum, while the PSA test measures the levels of PSA in the blood. Elevated PSA levels may indicate prostate cancer. If these tests suggest the possibility of cancer, a Prostate Biopsy is performed to obtain a tissue sample for further examination under a microscope.

In the early stages, prostate cancer often does not cause noticeable symptoms. However, as the disease progresses, symptoms may include difficulty urinating or a weak urine flow, frequent urination (especially at night), blood in the urine or semen, pain or discomfort in the pelvic area, erectile dysfunction or difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection, and bone pain, especially in the back, hips, or ribs (a sign that the cancer may have spread). It's important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by conditions other than prostate cancer. Consulting a healthcare provider is necessary for an accurate diagnosis.

Prostate cancer and its treatments can result in complications including urinary issues, erectile dysfunction, bowel problems, and complications related to the spread of cancer to other organs or bones. Emotional and psychological effects are also common.

Preventing prostate cancer involves adopting certain lifestyle habits and undergoing regular screenings. Maintaining a healthy diet with fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, while limiting high-fat foods and processed meats, can be beneficial. Engaging in regular physical exercise and maintaining a healthy weight also contribute to reducing the risk. Quitting smoking is essential, as it has been linked to various cancers, including prostate cancer. Regular screenings and check-ups help monitor prostate health, and individuals with a family history of the disease should inform their doctors for appropriate screening recommendations.

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