Staghorn Stones

Staghorn stones, also known as "coral calculi," are a type of kidney stone. Kidney stones are solid masses that form in the kidneys when certain minerals and salts accumulate and crystallize. They can vary in size and shape, and some kidney stones can grow large enough to fill the renal pelvis and extend into the branching calyces, creating a branched, horn-like appearance similar to the antlers of a stag, hence the name "staghorn stones."

Staghorn stones are usually composed of a combination of calcium and/or magnesium salts and a substance called struvite (magnesium ammonium phosphate). Struvite stones often form in the presence of certain types of bacterial infections in the urinary tract, leading to an alkaline urine environment that favors their development.

These stones can cause significant complications if left untreated, as they can obstruct the urinary tract, leading to severe pain, kidney damage, and recurrent urinary tract infections. Treatment typically involves a combination of medical management and surgical intervention. The size, location, and composition of the staghorn stone will dictate the most appropriate course of action.

In many cases, staghorn stones require surgical removal. This can be done using various techniques, such as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), or open surgery, depending on the size and complexity of the stone.

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Staghorn Stones Treatments & Surgery

How Devasya Hospital Helps to cure Staghorn Stones?

Devasya Hospital is renowned for its expertise in treating staghorn kidney stones and offers various effective treatment options. One of the procedures they specialize in is pyelolithotomy. Pyelolithotomy is a surgical technique employed by Devasya Hospital to remove staghorn stones. It involves making an incision in the kidney (pyelotomy) to directly access and remove the stone. This procedure is particularly useful when the staghorn stone is large or complex, and other less invasive methods may not be sufficient.

Devasya Hospital's experienced urologists and surgical team perform pyelolithotomy with precision and care. They utilize advanced surgical techniques, state-of-the-art equipment, and imaging guidance to ensure the most effective stone removal while minimizing potential complications.

Patients seeking staghorn kidney stone treatment can rely on Devasya Hospital's expertise and commitment to delivering the best possible care. The hospital's multidisciplinary approach, skilled medical professionals, and advanced facilities make it a trusted choice for those looking for effective treatment for staghorn stones.


Staghorn kidney stones are typically caused by a combination of factors. The primary factor is the presence of an underlying condition that promotes the formation of kidney stones, such as urinary tract infections or certain metabolic disorders. These conditions create an environment conducive to the accumulation of minerals and the formation of stones. Other contributing factors include dehydration, a diet high in sodium or oxalate, a family history of kidney stones, and certain medications.

To diagnose staghorn kidney stones, several tests may be conducted. These may include a physical examination, a review of the patient's medical history, and imaging studies such as a CT scan, ultrasound, or intravenous pyelogram (IVP). These tests can provide detailed images of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder, helping to identify the presence, size, and location of staghorn stones.

Staghorn kidney stones can cause various symptoms, including severe pain in the abdomen or back, blood in the urine (hematuria), frequent urinary tract infections, urinary urgency or frequency, and discomfort during urination. Some patients may also experience flank pain, nausea, and vomiting. However, it's important to note that not all individuals with staghorn stones exhibit symptoms, and they may be discovered incidentally during medical imaging

Early signs of staghorn kidney stones may include mild to moderate discomfort in the abdomen or back, occasional blood in the urine, and mild urinary symptoms such as increased frequency or urgency. However, it's important to note that staghorn stones can often remain asymptomatic until they grow larger or cause complications. Regular check-ups and diagnostic tests are essential for early detection in individuals at risk.

Complications of staghorn kidney stones include recurrent urinary tract infections, kidney damage, sepsis, kidney abscess formation, and urinary tract blockage.

Prevention measures for staghorn kidney stones involve staying hydrated, reducing sodium and oxalate intake, and consulting with a healthcare professional for personalized prevention plans.

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